Sights - Monastery of Broumov


Monastery of Broumov

Monastery of Broumov

The Benedictine monastery in Broumov belongs to the national cultural heritage of the Czech Republic.
The abbey is an impressive complex, whose present form is the result of baroque reconstructions, largely designed by K. I. Dientzenofer (1726 – 48). The Monastery of St. Wenceslas with the Church of Adalbert of Prague is located in the north-eastern part of the town, at the top of a rock promontory. The main building of the monastery is followed by the former monastic grammar school (from 1711) with adjacent buildings on the north side of the bridge (1705) over the former moat leading to the monastery garden.


Unique copy of the Turin Shroud in the Monastery of Broumov
In the monastery's refectory there is exposed a copy of the so-called Turin Shroud, which was found in 1999 in the monastery Church of Adalbert of Prague, above the Chapel of St. Cross. There was the Authenticity (accompanying document) attached to the linen cloth, from which it is clear that Archbishop of Turin Julius Caesar Bergiria donated the cloth in 1651 to Abbot in St. Nicholas in Old Town of Prague, who was later Archbishop Matthew Ferdinand Sobek from Bilenberk.

During his life he donated the copy to the Monastery of Broumov. The document states that the copy was during a gala ceremony touching the original and lists famous participants of the ceremony. It also records names of those, who delivered the cloth to M. F. Sobek to the Czech Republic from Italy.
There are about 40 copies all around the world; however, this is a real rarity of Central Europe, the only copy located to the north from the Alps. The authentic document, which was attached to the garment, accurately illustrates the age if the relics, on which there is displayed the dead body of Jesus.

The copy of Broumov is almost identical to the original dimensions (4.36 m length and 1.1 m width). The painting on the linen cloth with classic binding warp – weft (unlike the original) is painted by four shades of brown colour (natural pigment). On the cloth there can be seen in a special way a figure with a height of 170-180 cm from the front and the back. In the middle there is painted inscription EXTRACTVM AB ORIGINALI (taken out from the original). There are about 40 similar historical copies all around the world, but the one from Broumov is the only one in Central Europe (to the north from the Alps) and also is one of the most successful.

The copy of the Turin Shroud of Broumov can be seen during the tour of the monastery.
Vamberk mummies in the underground of the Monastery of Broumov
In large cellars of the Monastery of Broumov there are saved in total 34 mummies from the crypt of the parish Church of St. Procopius of Sázava in Vamberk.

In the mid-eighties, trench works were under way in close proximity of the Church of St. Procopius in Vamberk and there occurred a violation of sewerage during it, which caused leak of waste water into the crypt. Due to the changing of climatic conditions (particularly high humidity), the number of mummies began to deteriorate; some of them were in substantial stage of decomposition and had to be buried to the ground. From approximately 50 original mummies, 34 were saved and were temporarily stored in the depository of branch of the District Museum of Orlické Mountains in Vamberk. They were transported to the Monastery of Broumov in 2000.

The oldest mummies date back to the 17th century, nevertheless most of them to the 18th century. There are primarily mummies of burghers, priests, organists and other important people from Vamberk. We did not manage to preserve many references to people, who are buried in coffins. Only some of them have attached a card with brief curriculum vitae, for example: Parson Adam Damian Rozvoda from Vamberk, who died on 23 August in 1774 – "The priest was really meritorious, admirably agile and eager, who served in Vamberk for 33 years"; František Liška, the son of organist Jan Liška and his wife Anna, ..., died on 5 March in 1750 at the age of 76 years. One of the most important personalities that were buried in the crypt is the founder of Vamberk Lacemaking Magdalena Grambová. There are also two mummies of children among adults

The exhibition Vamberk mummies can be seen for an extra fee after the tour of the monastery.